Coverart for item
The Resource African Americans in Congress : a documentary history, Eric Freedman, Stephen A. Jones

African Americans in Congress : a documentary history, Eric Freedman, Stephen A. Jones

Label
African Americans in Congress : a documentary history
Title
African Americans in Congress
Title remainder
a documentary history
Statement of responsibility
Eric Freedman, Stephen A. Jones
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Freedman, Eric
Dewey number
328.730089/96073
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
LC call number
JK1021
LC item number
.A47 2008
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorDate
1951-
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Jones, Stephen A.
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • United States
  • African American legislators
  • Legislators
  • African Americans
Label
African Americans in Congress : a documentary history, Eric Freedman, Stephen A. Jones
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 553-560) and index
Contents
  • 1.3.
  • Northwest Ordinance, July 13, 1787
  • 1.4.
  • Constitution of the United States, September 17, 1787
  • 1.5.
  • A petition of four free blacks to the United States House of Representatives, as presented to Congress on January 30, 1797
  • 1.6.
  • Missouri Compromise, March 6, 1820
  • 1.7.
  • Excerpt from pamphlet by Maria W. Stewart, Boston, October 1831
  • Preface
  • 1.8.
  • William Hamilton addresses the Fourth Annual National Negro Convention, New York, June 2, 1834
  • 1.9.
  • Appeal of forty thousand citizens, threatened with disfranchisement, to the People of Pennsylvania, 1838
  • 1.10.
  • Charles L. Remond decries segregation before a committee of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1842
  • 1.11a.
  • Henry Clay's resolution, January 29, 1850
  • 1.11b.
  • Fugitive Slave Act, September 18, 1850
  • 1.
  • 1.12.
  • Frederick Douglass outlines his political philosophy for the Rochester ladies Anti-Slavery Society, Rochester, New York, July 5, 1852
  • 1.13.
  • An act to organize the territories of Nebraska and Kansas, May 30, 1854
  • 1.14.
  • Judgment in the U.S. Supreme Court case Dred Scott v. Sandford, March 6, 1857
  • The Revolutionary War to Dred Scott : the antecedents of political empowerment, 1776-1857
  • Documents
  • 1.
  • Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776
  • 1.2.
  • Petition for voting rights from seven African American men, Dartmouth, Massachusetts, March 1780
  • Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, September 22, 1862
  • 2.3b.
  • Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863
  • 2.4.
  • Correspondence about the Union Naval Service of Robert Smalls, May 1862 and January 1883
  • 2.5.
  • Petition of the Colored Citizens of Queens County, New York, September 1862
  • 2.6.
  • Letters about the New York City Draft Riots from eyewitness Edward Markoe Wright to his mother, July 1863
  • 2.7.
  • 2.
  • Army appropriations bill mandating equal treatment of African American soldiers in the Union Army, June 15, 1864
  • 2.8.
  • Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, passed by Congress January 31, 1865, ratified December 6, 1865
  • 2.9.
  • Confederate authorization to enlist slaves, as promulgated by the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, March 23, 1865
  • 2.10.
  • Freedmen's Bureau Act, March 3, 1865
  • The Civil War : the slavery debate erupts, 1860-1865
  • Documents
  • 2.1.
  • Declaration of the immediate causes which induce and justify the secession of South Carlina from the Federal Union, adopted December 24, 1860
  • 2.2.
  • Permanent Constitution of the Confederate States of America, March 11, 1861
  • 2.3a.
  • Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution, passed by Congress February 26, 1869, ratified February 3, 1870
  • 3.4.
  • Senate debate on the seating of Hiram R. Revels of Mississippi, February 23-25, 1870
  • 3.5.
  • Sen. Hiram R. Revels, R-Miss., speaks in support of school desegregation in Washington, D.C., February 8, 1871
  • 3.6.
  • Rep. Robert C. De Large, R-S.C., supports the Ku Klux Klan Act, April 6, 1871
  • 3.7.
  • Rep. Robert B. Elliott, R-S.C., opposes legislation offering amnesty to former Confederates, March 14, 1871
  • 3.8.
  • 3.
  • P.B.S. Pinchback argues for a seat in Congress, June 8, 1874
  • 3.9.
  • Rep. John R. Lynch, R-Miss., speaks in support of the Civil Rights Bill, February 3, 1875
  • 3.10.
  • Mississippi in 1875, Report of the Senate Select Committee to inquire into the Mississippi election of 1876, August 7, 1876
  • 3.11.
  • Senate Select Committee report on the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, April 2, 1880
  • 3.12.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in the Civil Rights Cases, October 15, 1883
  • Reconstruction : increasing rights and political empowerment, 1868-1883
  • Documents
  • 3.1.
  • Articles of Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson, presented to the Senate by Rep. John A. Bingham, R-Ohio, march 4, 1868
  • 3.2.
  • Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, proposed to the states by Congress June 16, 1866, ratified July 9, 1868
  • 3.3.
  • Rep. James E. O'Hara, R.-N.C., speaks against a bill to regulate the oleomargarine industry June 2, 1886
  • 4.4.
  • Excerpts from House debate on the Federal Elections Bill, July 1890
  • 4.5.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, May 18, 1896
  • 4.6.
  • Afro-American Sentinel editorial on William Jennings Bryan and his support of Rep. Henry P. Cheatham, R-N.C., August 29, 1896
  • 4.7.
  • Amended Constitution of Louisiana, 1898
  • 4.8.
  • 4.
  • The Democratic Hand Book, 1898, North Carolina
  • 4.9.
  • Newspaper accounts chronicling lynching and vigilantism 1891-1904
  • 4.10.
  • Rep. George H. White, R-N.C., delivers his valedictory speech on the floor of the House of Representatives, January 29, 1901
  • 4.11.
  • A Republican Text-book for colored Voters, 1901
  • 4.12.
  • George E. Taylor accepts the National LIberty Party's Presidential nomination, July 1904
  • After reconstruction : political disenfranchisement and banishment, 1880-1904
  • Documents
  • 4.1.
  • Benjamin Singleton testifies before the Senate Select Committee to Investigate the Causes of the Removal of the Negroes from the Southern States to the Northern States, April 17, 1880
  • 4.2.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in the Ku-Klux cases, ex parte Yarbrough, March 3, 1884
  • 4.3.
  • Rep. Oscar S. De Priest, R-Ill., challenges segregation of the restaurant of the Capitol, March 21, 1934
  • 5.4.
  • Rep. Arthur W. Mitchell, D-Ill., addresses declining support among blacks for the Republican Party, June 1, 1936
  • 5.5.
  • Mary McLeod Bethune reports to President Franklin D. Roosevelt on the problems of the Negro and Negro youth, January 18, 1937
  • 5.6.
  • Executive Order 8802, Prohibition of Discrimination in the Defense Industry, June 25, 1941
  • 5.7.
  • "Civil War II," from Marching Blacks, by Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., D-N.Y., 1945
  • 5.8.
  • 5.
  • Executive Order 9981, desegregation of the Armed Forces, July 26, 1948
  • 5.9.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education, May 17, 1954
  • 5.10.
  • Rep. Charles C. Diggs Jr., D-Mich., argues for voter rights legislation, June 10, 1957
  • 5.11.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964, July 2, 1964
  • The early twentieth century to the civil rights movement : a slow return to Washington, 1913-1964
  • Documents
  • 5.1.
  • Seventeenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, passed by Congress May 13, 1912, ratified April 8, 1913
  • 5.2.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in Nixon v. Herndon, March 7, 1927
  • 5.3.
  • President Richard M. Nixon's letter to members of the Congressional Black Caucus, May 18, 1971
  • 6.4.
  • Rep. Ronald V. Dellums, D-Calif., recalls the fight for a prized committee assignment in January 1973
  • 6.5.
  • Opening statements of House Judiciary Committee members John Conyers Jr., D-Mich., Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., and Barbara C. Jordan, D-Texas, on the impeachment of President Richard M. Nixon, July 1974
  • 6.6.
  • Office of Management and Budget analyzes Congressional Black Caucus proposals, September 1974
  • 6.7.
  • Excerpts from the 1975 Congressional Black Caucus Legislative Agenda, March 5, 1975
  • 6.8.
  • 6.
  • President Jimmy Carter's remarks at the swearing-in of Rep. Andrew J. Young Jr., D-Ga., as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, January 30, 1977
  • 6.9.
  • Humphrey-Hawkins Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act, October 27, 1978
  • 6.10.
  • Legislation creating the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday, November 2, 1983
  • 6.11.
  • Comprehensive Anti-apartheid Act of 1986, October 2, 1986
  • 6.12.
  • Congressional Black Caucus Fiscal Year 1991 Alternative Budget, April 1990
  • The civil rights movement and beyond : equal rights and political empowerment, 1965-1993
  • Documents
  • 6.1.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965, August 6, 1965
  • 6.2.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., describes the foundling of the Congressional Black Caucus in 1971
  • 6.3.
  • Rep. Sanford D. Bishop Jr., D-Ga., supports the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act, July 31, 1996
  • 7.4.
  • Rep. J.C. Watts Jr., R-Okla., delivers the GOP reply to President Bill Clinton's State of the Union Address, February 4, 1997
  • 7.5.
  • Minority report of the House Committee on the Judiciary on the Impeachment of President Bill Clinton, December 16, 1998
  • 7.6.
  • Black Caucus members challenge Florida electoral college votes in the 2000 election, January 6, 2001
  • 7. 7.
  • Rep. John Conyers Jr., D-Mich., attacks challenge to Affirmative Action, April 1, 2003
  • 7.8.
  • 7.
  • Congressional Black Caucus opposes the nomination of John G. Roberts Jr. as Chief Justice, September 20, 2005
  • 7.9.
  • Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., on "Teaching our kids in a 21st century economy," October 25, 2005
  • 7.10.
  • Renewal of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, July 27, 2006
  • The modern era : the congressional black caucus and the "Republican revolution," 1994-2007
  • Documents
  • 7.1.
  • Letter by House Committee chairs opposing the appointment of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court, September 11, 1991
  • 7.2.
  • Republican contract with America, September 27, 1994
  • 7.3.
  • James W. Ford Accepts the 1936 Communist Party nomination for Vice President, June 1936
  • 8.4.
  • Edward W. Brooke III of Massachusetts discusses Republican conservatism, 1966
  • 8.5a.
  • Campaign flyer for Charles B. Rangel in New York's Nineteenth Congressional District, June 1972
  • 8.5.b.
  • Campaign flyer for Livingston L. Wingate in New York's Nineteenth Congressional District, June 1972
  • 8.6.
  • Harold Washington delivers his first inaugural address as Mayor of Chicago, April 29, 1983
  • 8.7.
  • 8.
  • Republican Reps. Gary A. Franks of Connecticut and J.C. Watts Jr. of Oklahoma describe their first campaigns in 1990 and 1994
  • 8.8.
  • Republican Alan Keyes and Democrat Barack Obama debate the issues in the Illinois election for U.S. Senate, October 21, 2004
  • 8.9.
  • Political endorsements for Democratic House candidate Keith Ellison of Minnesota, 2006
  • 8.10.
  • Sen. Elizabeth H. Dole, R-N.C., and Sen. Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y., discuss the Ford and Steele campaigns with Tim Russert on Meet the Press, November 5, 2006
  • African Americans run for office : campaigns and elections
  • Documents
  • 8.1.
  • J. Willis Menard, R-La., tries to claim a seat, February 27, 1869
  • 8.2.
  • Rep. John R. Lynch, R-Miss., recollects his election campaigns, 1872-1882
  • 8.3.
  • House resolution to seat Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., D-N.Y., January 3, 1969
  • 9.3.
  • Appeals Court affirms the corruption conviction of Rep. Charles C. Diggs Jr., D-Mich., in U.S. v. Diggs, November 14, 1979
  • 9.4.
  • Articles of Impeachment against Judge Alcee L. Hastings, October 20, 1989
  • 9.5.
  • Resolution of House Committee on Official Standards authorizing an investigation of Rep. Gus Savage, D-Ill., August 3, 1989, and Savage's letter of apology, November 20, 1989
  • 9.6.
  • Judge's decision upholding mistrial in criminal case against Rep. Harold E. Ford, D-Tenn., in U.S. v. Ford, April 10, 1991
  • 9.7.
  • 9.
  • Federal indictment of Rep. Melvin J. Reynolds, D-Ill., in U.S. v. Melvin J. Reynolds and Marisol C. Reynolds, November 7, 1996
  • 9.8.
  • Opening appellate brief of former Rep. Walter R. Tucker III, D-Calif, in U.S. v Walter R. Tucker, May 13, 1997
  • 9.9
  • Justice Department press release announces criminal case against former Del. Walter E. Fauntroy, D-D.C., March 22, 1995
  • 9.10.
  • Congressional accountability project letter accusing Rep. Barbara-Rose Collins, D-Mich., of ethics violations, October 3, 1995
  • 9.11a.
  • Rep. Frank W. Ballance Jr.'s resignation letter, June 8, 2004
  • 9.11b.
  • African Americans face a political reality : ethics and corruption investigations
  • Statement of House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., on Rep. Ballance's resignation, June 8, 2004
  • 9.12.
  • U.S. Court of Appeals decision on the search of the Capitol Hill office of Rep. William R. Jefferson, D-La., August 3, 2007
  • Documents
  • 9.1a.
  • Editorial and letter to the editor opposing Rep. William L. Dawson, D-Ill., as potential Postmaster General, Chicago Daily News, December 1960
  • 9.1b.
  • Letters to President-elect John F. Kennedy, opposing consideration of Rep. Dawson as possible Postmaster General, December 1960
  • 9.2.
  • Letter to President Ronald Reagan from the Congressional Caucus on Women's Issues, September 28, 1982
  • 10.4.
  • Rep. Katie B. Hall, D-Ind., leads debate on bill to establish a national holiday honoring Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., August 2, 1983
  • 10.5.
  • Rep. Barbara C. Jordan, D-Texas, reflects on President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society, April 1985
  • 10.6.
  • Sen. Carol Moseley-Braun, D-Ill., pleads the case of battered women, March 30, 1990
  • 10.7.
  • Rep. Cardiss Collins, D-Ill., urges the House to approve the Child Safety Protection Act, May 23, 1994
  • 10.8.
  • 10.
  • Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee, D-Texas, eulogizes Rep. Barbara C. Jordan, January 24, 1996
  • 10.9.
  • Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee, D-Texas, argues against impeaching President Bill Clinton, October 6, 1998
  • 10.10.
  • Rep. Maxine Waters, D-Calif., attacks Republicans on Iraq War policies in House debate, June 14, 2006
  • 10.11.
  • Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick, D-Mich., pleads for action on Darfur crisis, September 20, 2006
  • 10.12.
  • Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, D-D.C., introduces the D.C. House Voting Rights Bill of 2007, March 12, 2007
  • African American women in Congress : a long road to office
  • Documents
  • 10.1.
  • Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution passed by Congress on June 4, 1919, ratified August 18, 1920
  • 10.2.
  • Rep. Shirley A. Chisholm, D-N.Y., supports the Equal Rights Amendment, August 10, 1970
  • 10.3.
  • Rep. Thomas E. Miller, R-S.C., calls for civil rights protections, January 12, 1891
  • 11.4.
  • Opponents filibuster Gavagan Anti-Lynching Bill, January 7, 1938
  • 11.5.
  • Letter to Rep. Oscar S. De Priest, R-Ill. from Rep. J.C. Shaffer, R-Va., June 18, 1929
  • 11.6.
  • Rep. William L. Dawson's letter to Assistant Secretary of War John J. McCloy, February 28, 1944
  • 11.7.
  • Rep. Charles C. Diggs Jr., D-Mich., comments on Emmett Till murder trial as he enters Look magazine article into the Congressional Record, January 12, 1956
  • 11.8.
  • 11.
  • African American lawmakers oppose the hanging of Rep. Howard W. Smith portrait in HOuse Rules Committee Room, January 24 and 25, 1995
  • 11.9.
  • Democrats express their opposition to the Effective Death Penalty Act of 1995, February 8, 1995
  • 11.10.
  • Sen. Carol Moseley-Braun, D-Ill., argues for resolution of church burnings, June 13, 1996
  • 11.11.
  • Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, D-D.C., speaks on Racial Profiling Prohibition Act, May 17, 2001
  • 11.12.
  • Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr., D-Ill., attacks the comments made by Sen. Trent Lott, R-Miss., December 14, 2002
  • African American lawmakers fight racism : representatives of an excluded people
  • Documents
  • 11.1.
  • Sen. Blanche K. Bruce, R-Miss., discusses American Indian policy on the Senate floor, April 6, 1880
  • 11.2.
  • Rep. James E. O'Hara, R-N.C., seeks to end segregation on railroads, December 17, 884
  • 11.3.
  • Dellums committee hearings on U.S. Military Policy and War Crimes in Vietnam, 1971
  • 12.4.
  • Rep. Ralph H. Metcalfe, D-Ill., questions Rep. Robert C. Eckhardt, D-Texas, about passenger searches before the House Interstate and Foreign Commerce Committee's Subcommittee on Transportation and Aeronautics, February 27, 1973
  • 12.5.
  • U.S. District Court decision in Dellums v. Bush, December 13, 1990
  • 12.6.
  • Religious Freedom Peace Tax Fund Act, October 9, 1997
  • 12.7.
  • African American lawmakers speak on the House floor about the attacks of September 11, 2001
  • 12.8.
  • 12.
  • Congressional Black Caucus members engage in House debate on the USA PATRIOT Act, October 12, 2001
  • 12.9.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., justifies resumption of the military draft, November 21, 2006
  • 12.10.
  • Members of the Congressional Black Caucus participate in the House debates on U.S. military intervention in Iraq, March 19, 2003
  • African American lawmakers address war : peace, war and patriotism
  • Documents
  • 12.1.
  • Sen. Blanche K. Bruce, R-Miss., condemns the mutilation of a black cadet at West Point, April 9, 1880
  • 12.2.
  • House Committee on Internal Security Hearings about Students for a Democratic Society, July 1969
  • 12.3.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., questions administration witnesses during House Committee hearings on Southeast Asian narcotics, July 1977
  • 13.4a.
  • Court decision in Crockett v. Reagan rejects challenge to U.S. policy in El Salvador, October 4, 1982
  • 13.4b.
  • Federal Judge rebuffs challenge to U.S. policy in Nicaragua in Sanchez-Espinoza v. Reagan, August 1, 1983
  • 13.5.
  • Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, D.-D.C., discusses fighting AIDS in Africa on the House floor, March 14, 2001
  • 13.6.
  • Rep. Gregory W. Meeks, D-N.Y., attacks U.S. role in the ouster of Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, March 3, 2004
  • 13.7.
  • 13.
  • Congressional Black Caucus's letter to British Prime Minister Tony Blair, June 7, 2005
  • 13.8.
  • Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick, D-Mich., criticizes CAFTA trade legislation, July 27, 2005
  • 13.9.
  • Congressional Black Caucus members are arrested in Darfur protest, May 16, 2006
  • 13.10.
  • Rep. Barbara Lee, D-Calif., and Rep. Al Green, D-Texas, speak about attacks on Israel, July 19, 2006
  • 13.11.
  • Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., speaks about the Secure Fence Act, September 21, 2006
  • African American lawmakers and international affairs : America as a world power
  • Documents
  • 13.1.
  • Rep. Josiah T. Walls, R-Fla., speaks on Cuban belligerency, January 24, 1874
  • 13.2.
  • Rep. George H. White, R-N.C., calls for annexation of the Philippines, January 26, 1899
  • 13.3.
  • Rep. George H. White, R-N.C., supports tariffs to protect Southern laborers, March 31, 1897
  • 14.4.
  • NAACP Executive Secretary Walter White's letter to President Herbert Hoover, February 4, 1932
  • 14.5.
  • Rep. Shirley A. Chisholm, D-N.Y., campaigns for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination, 1972
  • 14.6.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., calls for greater attention to the needs of the poor, May 1973
  • 14.7.
  • Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African Americans Act, introduced in House November 20, 1989
  • 14.8.
  • 14.
  • Rep. Major R.O. Owens, D-N.Y., raps about the war in Iraq on the House floor, July 18, 2003
  • 14.9.
  • Fair Pay Act of 2005, introduced April 19, 2005
  • 14.10.
  • Rep. Barbara Lee, D-Calif., urges relief for Hurricane Katrina victims, March 14, 2006
  • At the heart of the African American experience : the struggle for economic justice
  • Documents
  • 14.1.
  • Rep. Benjamin S. Turner, R-Ala., proposes a refund of the Cotton Tax on the House floor, May 31, 1872
  • 14.2.
  • Rep. George W. Murray, R-S.C., discusses impact of monetary policy, August 24, 1893
  • 14.3.
  • Rep. Shirley A. Chisholm, D-N.Y., addresses the needs of America's young people, 1970
  • 15.4.
  • Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., D-N.Y., explains black political and social activism, 1971
  • 15.5.
  • Rep. Barbara C. Jordan, D-Texas, delivers the keynote speech at the 1976 Democratic National Convention
  • 15.6.
  • Rep. Louis Stokes, D-Ohio, comments on the "peace dividend," February 7, 1990
  • 15.7.
  • Rep. Gary A. Franks, R-Conn., discusses black empowerment, February 24, 1993
  • 15.8.
  • 15.
  • Rep. J.C. Watts Jr., R-Okla., describes his vision of the American dream, August 13, 1996
  • 15.9.
  • Rep. John R. Lewis, D-Ga., discusses the "beloved community," 1998
  • 15.10.
  • Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., discusses the importance of leadership and universal health care, January 25, 2007
  • Visions of America : the dream and the reality
  • Documents
  • 15.1.
  • Rep. Josiah T. Walls, R-Fla., discusses America's Centennial Celebration, May 7, 1874
  • 15.2.
  • Rep. Richard H. Cain, R-S.C., speaks on civil rights legislation, January 10, 1874
  • 15.3.
  • Appendix A : Chronology of major events
  • Appendix B : African American members of the 110th United States Congress
  • Appendix C : African American members of Congress, 1870-2007
  • Selected bibliography
  • Text credits
  • Index
Control code
ocn173640948
Dimensions
27 cm.
Extent
xvii, 574 p.
Isbn
9780872893856
Isbn Type
(hardbound : alk. paper)
Lccn
2007040318
Other physical details
ill.
System control number
(OCoLC)173640948
Label
African Americans in Congress : a documentary history, Eric Freedman, Stephen A. Jones
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 553-560) and index
Contents
  • 1.3.
  • Northwest Ordinance, July 13, 1787
  • 1.4.
  • Constitution of the United States, September 17, 1787
  • 1.5.
  • A petition of four free blacks to the United States House of Representatives, as presented to Congress on January 30, 1797
  • 1.6.
  • Missouri Compromise, March 6, 1820
  • 1.7.
  • Excerpt from pamphlet by Maria W. Stewart, Boston, October 1831
  • Preface
  • 1.8.
  • William Hamilton addresses the Fourth Annual National Negro Convention, New York, June 2, 1834
  • 1.9.
  • Appeal of forty thousand citizens, threatened with disfranchisement, to the People of Pennsylvania, 1838
  • 1.10.
  • Charles L. Remond decries segregation before a committee of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1842
  • 1.11a.
  • Henry Clay's resolution, January 29, 1850
  • 1.11b.
  • Fugitive Slave Act, September 18, 1850
  • 1.
  • 1.12.
  • Frederick Douglass outlines his political philosophy for the Rochester ladies Anti-Slavery Society, Rochester, New York, July 5, 1852
  • 1.13.
  • An act to organize the territories of Nebraska and Kansas, May 30, 1854
  • 1.14.
  • Judgment in the U.S. Supreme Court case Dred Scott v. Sandford, March 6, 1857
  • The Revolutionary War to Dred Scott : the antecedents of political empowerment, 1776-1857
  • Documents
  • 1.
  • Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776
  • 1.2.
  • Petition for voting rights from seven African American men, Dartmouth, Massachusetts, March 1780
  • Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, September 22, 1862
  • 2.3b.
  • Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863
  • 2.4.
  • Correspondence about the Union Naval Service of Robert Smalls, May 1862 and January 1883
  • 2.5.
  • Petition of the Colored Citizens of Queens County, New York, September 1862
  • 2.6.
  • Letters about the New York City Draft Riots from eyewitness Edward Markoe Wright to his mother, July 1863
  • 2.7.
  • 2.
  • Army appropriations bill mandating equal treatment of African American soldiers in the Union Army, June 15, 1864
  • 2.8.
  • Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, passed by Congress January 31, 1865, ratified December 6, 1865
  • 2.9.
  • Confederate authorization to enlist slaves, as promulgated by the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, March 23, 1865
  • 2.10.
  • Freedmen's Bureau Act, March 3, 1865
  • The Civil War : the slavery debate erupts, 1860-1865
  • Documents
  • 2.1.
  • Declaration of the immediate causes which induce and justify the secession of South Carlina from the Federal Union, adopted December 24, 1860
  • 2.2.
  • Permanent Constitution of the Confederate States of America, March 11, 1861
  • 2.3a.
  • Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution, passed by Congress February 26, 1869, ratified February 3, 1870
  • 3.4.
  • Senate debate on the seating of Hiram R. Revels of Mississippi, February 23-25, 1870
  • 3.5.
  • Sen. Hiram R. Revels, R-Miss., speaks in support of school desegregation in Washington, D.C., February 8, 1871
  • 3.6.
  • Rep. Robert C. De Large, R-S.C., supports the Ku Klux Klan Act, April 6, 1871
  • 3.7.
  • Rep. Robert B. Elliott, R-S.C., opposes legislation offering amnesty to former Confederates, March 14, 1871
  • 3.8.
  • 3.
  • P.B.S. Pinchback argues for a seat in Congress, June 8, 1874
  • 3.9.
  • Rep. John R. Lynch, R-Miss., speaks in support of the Civil Rights Bill, February 3, 1875
  • 3.10.
  • Mississippi in 1875, Report of the Senate Select Committee to inquire into the Mississippi election of 1876, August 7, 1876
  • 3.11.
  • Senate Select Committee report on the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, April 2, 1880
  • 3.12.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in the Civil Rights Cases, October 15, 1883
  • Reconstruction : increasing rights and political empowerment, 1868-1883
  • Documents
  • 3.1.
  • Articles of Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson, presented to the Senate by Rep. John A. Bingham, R-Ohio, march 4, 1868
  • 3.2.
  • Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, proposed to the states by Congress June 16, 1866, ratified July 9, 1868
  • 3.3.
  • Rep. James E. O'Hara, R.-N.C., speaks against a bill to regulate the oleomargarine industry June 2, 1886
  • 4.4.
  • Excerpts from House debate on the Federal Elections Bill, July 1890
  • 4.5.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, May 18, 1896
  • 4.6.
  • Afro-American Sentinel editorial on William Jennings Bryan and his support of Rep. Henry P. Cheatham, R-N.C., August 29, 1896
  • 4.7.
  • Amended Constitution of Louisiana, 1898
  • 4.8.
  • 4.
  • The Democratic Hand Book, 1898, North Carolina
  • 4.9.
  • Newspaper accounts chronicling lynching and vigilantism 1891-1904
  • 4.10.
  • Rep. George H. White, R-N.C., delivers his valedictory speech on the floor of the House of Representatives, January 29, 1901
  • 4.11.
  • A Republican Text-book for colored Voters, 1901
  • 4.12.
  • George E. Taylor accepts the National LIberty Party's Presidential nomination, July 1904
  • After reconstruction : political disenfranchisement and banishment, 1880-1904
  • Documents
  • 4.1.
  • Benjamin Singleton testifies before the Senate Select Committee to Investigate the Causes of the Removal of the Negroes from the Southern States to the Northern States, April 17, 1880
  • 4.2.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in the Ku-Klux cases, ex parte Yarbrough, March 3, 1884
  • 4.3.
  • Rep. Oscar S. De Priest, R-Ill., challenges segregation of the restaurant of the Capitol, March 21, 1934
  • 5.4.
  • Rep. Arthur W. Mitchell, D-Ill., addresses declining support among blacks for the Republican Party, June 1, 1936
  • 5.5.
  • Mary McLeod Bethune reports to President Franklin D. Roosevelt on the problems of the Negro and Negro youth, January 18, 1937
  • 5.6.
  • Executive Order 8802, Prohibition of Discrimination in the Defense Industry, June 25, 1941
  • 5.7.
  • "Civil War II," from Marching Blacks, by Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., D-N.Y., 1945
  • 5.8.
  • 5.
  • Executive Order 9981, desegregation of the Armed Forces, July 26, 1948
  • 5.9.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education, May 17, 1954
  • 5.10.
  • Rep. Charles C. Diggs Jr., D-Mich., argues for voter rights legislation, June 10, 1957
  • 5.11.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964, July 2, 1964
  • The early twentieth century to the civil rights movement : a slow return to Washington, 1913-1964
  • Documents
  • 5.1.
  • Seventeenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, passed by Congress May 13, 1912, ratified April 8, 1913
  • 5.2.
  • U.S. Supreme Court decision in Nixon v. Herndon, March 7, 1927
  • 5.3.
  • President Richard M. Nixon's letter to members of the Congressional Black Caucus, May 18, 1971
  • 6.4.
  • Rep. Ronald V. Dellums, D-Calif., recalls the fight for a prized committee assignment in January 1973
  • 6.5.
  • Opening statements of House Judiciary Committee members John Conyers Jr., D-Mich., Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., and Barbara C. Jordan, D-Texas, on the impeachment of President Richard M. Nixon, July 1974
  • 6.6.
  • Office of Management and Budget analyzes Congressional Black Caucus proposals, September 1974
  • 6.7.
  • Excerpts from the 1975 Congressional Black Caucus Legislative Agenda, March 5, 1975
  • 6.8.
  • 6.
  • President Jimmy Carter's remarks at the swearing-in of Rep. Andrew J. Young Jr., D-Ga., as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, January 30, 1977
  • 6.9.
  • Humphrey-Hawkins Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act, October 27, 1978
  • 6.10.
  • Legislation creating the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday, November 2, 1983
  • 6.11.
  • Comprehensive Anti-apartheid Act of 1986, October 2, 1986
  • 6.12.
  • Congressional Black Caucus Fiscal Year 1991 Alternative Budget, April 1990
  • The civil rights movement and beyond : equal rights and political empowerment, 1965-1993
  • Documents
  • 6.1.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965, August 6, 1965
  • 6.2.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., describes the foundling of the Congressional Black Caucus in 1971
  • 6.3.
  • Rep. Sanford D. Bishop Jr., D-Ga., supports the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act, July 31, 1996
  • 7.4.
  • Rep. J.C. Watts Jr., R-Okla., delivers the GOP reply to President Bill Clinton's State of the Union Address, February 4, 1997
  • 7.5.
  • Minority report of the House Committee on the Judiciary on the Impeachment of President Bill Clinton, December 16, 1998
  • 7.6.
  • Black Caucus members challenge Florida electoral college votes in the 2000 election, January 6, 2001
  • 7. 7.
  • Rep. John Conyers Jr., D-Mich., attacks challenge to Affirmative Action, April 1, 2003
  • 7.8.
  • 7.
  • Congressional Black Caucus opposes the nomination of John G. Roberts Jr. as Chief Justice, September 20, 2005
  • 7.9.
  • Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., on "Teaching our kids in a 21st century economy," October 25, 2005
  • 7.10.
  • Renewal of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, July 27, 2006
  • The modern era : the congressional black caucus and the "Republican revolution," 1994-2007
  • Documents
  • 7.1.
  • Letter by House Committee chairs opposing the appointment of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court, September 11, 1991
  • 7.2.
  • Republican contract with America, September 27, 1994
  • 7.3.
  • James W. Ford Accepts the 1936 Communist Party nomination for Vice President, June 1936
  • 8.4.
  • Edward W. Brooke III of Massachusetts discusses Republican conservatism, 1966
  • 8.5a.
  • Campaign flyer for Charles B. Rangel in New York's Nineteenth Congressional District, June 1972
  • 8.5.b.
  • Campaign flyer for Livingston L. Wingate in New York's Nineteenth Congressional District, June 1972
  • 8.6.
  • Harold Washington delivers his first inaugural address as Mayor of Chicago, April 29, 1983
  • 8.7.
  • 8.
  • Republican Reps. Gary A. Franks of Connecticut and J.C. Watts Jr. of Oklahoma describe their first campaigns in 1990 and 1994
  • 8.8.
  • Republican Alan Keyes and Democrat Barack Obama debate the issues in the Illinois election for U.S. Senate, October 21, 2004
  • 8.9.
  • Political endorsements for Democratic House candidate Keith Ellison of Minnesota, 2006
  • 8.10.
  • Sen. Elizabeth H. Dole, R-N.C., and Sen. Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y., discuss the Ford and Steele campaigns with Tim Russert on Meet the Press, November 5, 2006
  • African Americans run for office : campaigns and elections
  • Documents
  • 8.1.
  • J. Willis Menard, R-La., tries to claim a seat, February 27, 1869
  • 8.2.
  • Rep. John R. Lynch, R-Miss., recollects his election campaigns, 1872-1882
  • 8.3.
  • House resolution to seat Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., D-N.Y., January 3, 1969
  • 9.3.
  • Appeals Court affirms the corruption conviction of Rep. Charles C. Diggs Jr., D-Mich., in U.S. v. Diggs, November 14, 1979
  • 9.4.
  • Articles of Impeachment against Judge Alcee L. Hastings, October 20, 1989
  • 9.5.
  • Resolution of House Committee on Official Standards authorizing an investigation of Rep. Gus Savage, D-Ill., August 3, 1989, and Savage's letter of apology, November 20, 1989
  • 9.6.
  • Judge's decision upholding mistrial in criminal case against Rep. Harold E. Ford, D-Tenn., in U.S. v. Ford, April 10, 1991
  • 9.7.
  • 9.
  • Federal indictment of Rep. Melvin J. Reynolds, D-Ill., in U.S. v. Melvin J. Reynolds and Marisol C. Reynolds, November 7, 1996
  • 9.8.
  • Opening appellate brief of former Rep. Walter R. Tucker III, D-Calif, in U.S. v Walter R. Tucker, May 13, 1997
  • 9.9
  • Justice Department press release announces criminal case against former Del. Walter E. Fauntroy, D-D.C., March 22, 1995
  • 9.10.
  • Congressional accountability project letter accusing Rep. Barbara-Rose Collins, D-Mich., of ethics violations, October 3, 1995
  • 9.11a.
  • Rep. Frank W. Ballance Jr.'s resignation letter, June 8, 2004
  • 9.11b.
  • African Americans face a political reality : ethics and corruption investigations
  • Statement of House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., on Rep. Ballance's resignation, June 8, 2004
  • 9.12.
  • U.S. Court of Appeals decision on the search of the Capitol Hill office of Rep. William R. Jefferson, D-La., August 3, 2007
  • Documents
  • 9.1a.
  • Editorial and letter to the editor opposing Rep. William L. Dawson, D-Ill., as potential Postmaster General, Chicago Daily News, December 1960
  • 9.1b.
  • Letters to President-elect John F. Kennedy, opposing consideration of Rep. Dawson as possible Postmaster General, December 1960
  • 9.2.
  • Letter to President Ronald Reagan from the Congressional Caucus on Women's Issues, September 28, 1982
  • 10.4.
  • Rep. Katie B. Hall, D-Ind., leads debate on bill to establish a national holiday honoring Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., August 2, 1983
  • 10.5.
  • Rep. Barbara C. Jordan, D-Texas, reflects on President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society, April 1985
  • 10.6.
  • Sen. Carol Moseley-Braun, D-Ill., pleads the case of battered women, March 30, 1990
  • 10.7.
  • Rep. Cardiss Collins, D-Ill., urges the House to approve the Child Safety Protection Act, May 23, 1994
  • 10.8.
  • 10.
  • Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee, D-Texas, eulogizes Rep. Barbara C. Jordan, January 24, 1996
  • 10.9.
  • Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee, D-Texas, argues against impeaching President Bill Clinton, October 6, 1998
  • 10.10.
  • Rep. Maxine Waters, D-Calif., attacks Republicans on Iraq War policies in House debate, June 14, 2006
  • 10.11.
  • Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick, D-Mich., pleads for action on Darfur crisis, September 20, 2006
  • 10.12.
  • Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, D-D.C., introduces the D.C. House Voting Rights Bill of 2007, March 12, 2007
  • African American women in Congress : a long road to office
  • Documents
  • 10.1.
  • Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution passed by Congress on June 4, 1919, ratified August 18, 1920
  • 10.2.
  • Rep. Shirley A. Chisholm, D-N.Y., supports the Equal Rights Amendment, August 10, 1970
  • 10.3.
  • Rep. Thomas E. Miller, R-S.C., calls for civil rights protections, January 12, 1891
  • 11.4.
  • Opponents filibuster Gavagan Anti-Lynching Bill, January 7, 1938
  • 11.5.
  • Letter to Rep. Oscar S. De Priest, R-Ill. from Rep. J.C. Shaffer, R-Va., June 18, 1929
  • 11.6.
  • Rep. William L. Dawson's letter to Assistant Secretary of War John J. McCloy, February 28, 1944
  • 11.7.
  • Rep. Charles C. Diggs Jr., D-Mich., comments on Emmett Till murder trial as he enters Look magazine article into the Congressional Record, January 12, 1956
  • 11.8.
  • 11.
  • African American lawmakers oppose the hanging of Rep. Howard W. Smith portrait in HOuse Rules Committee Room, January 24 and 25, 1995
  • 11.9.
  • Democrats express their opposition to the Effective Death Penalty Act of 1995, February 8, 1995
  • 11.10.
  • Sen. Carol Moseley-Braun, D-Ill., argues for resolution of church burnings, June 13, 1996
  • 11.11.
  • Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, D-D.C., speaks on Racial Profiling Prohibition Act, May 17, 2001
  • 11.12.
  • Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr., D-Ill., attacks the comments made by Sen. Trent Lott, R-Miss., December 14, 2002
  • African American lawmakers fight racism : representatives of an excluded people
  • Documents
  • 11.1.
  • Sen. Blanche K. Bruce, R-Miss., discusses American Indian policy on the Senate floor, April 6, 1880
  • 11.2.
  • Rep. James E. O'Hara, R-N.C., seeks to end segregation on railroads, December 17, 884
  • 11.3.
  • Dellums committee hearings on U.S. Military Policy and War Crimes in Vietnam, 1971
  • 12.4.
  • Rep. Ralph H. Metcalfe, D-Ill., questions Rep. Robert C. Eckhardt, D-Texas, about passenger searches before the House Interstate and Foreign Commerce Committee's Subcommittee on Transportation and Aeronautics, February 27, 1973
  • 12.5.
  • U.S. District Court decision in Dellums v. Bush, December 13, 1990
  • 12.6.
  • Religious Freedom Peace Tax Fund Act, October 9, 1997
  • 12.7.
  • African American lawmakers speak on the House floor about the attacks of September 11, 2001
  • 12.8.
  • 12.
  • Congressional Black Caucus members engage in House debate on the USA PATRIOT Act, October 12, 2001
  • 12.9.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., justifies resumption of the military draft, November 21, 2006
  • 12.10.
  • Members of the Congressional Black Caucus participate in the House debates on U.S. military intervention in Iraq, March 19, 2003
  • African American lawmakers address war : peace, war and patriotism
  • Documents
  • 12.1.
  • Sen. Blanche K. Bruce, R-Miss., condemns the mutilation of a black cadet at West Point, April 9, 1880
  • 12.2.
  • House Committee on Internal Security Hearings about Students for a Democratic Society, July 1969
  • 12.3.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., questions administration witnesses during House Committee hearings on Southeast Asian narcotics, July 1977
  • 13.4a.
  • Court decision in Crockett v. Reagan rejects challenge to U.S. policy in El Salvador, October 4, 1982
  • 13.4b.
  • Federal Judge rebuffs challenge to U.S. policy in Nicaragua in Sanchez-Espinoza v. Reagan, August 1, 1983
  • 13.5.
  • Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton, D.-D.C., discusses fighting AIDS in Africa on the House floor, March 14, 2001
  • 13.6.
  • Rep. Gregory W. Meeks, D-N.Y., attacks U.S. role in the ouster of Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, March 3, 2004
  • 13.7.
  • 13.
  • Congressional Black Caucus's letter to British Prime Minister Tony Blair, June 7, 2005
  • 13.8.
  • Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick, D-Mich., criticizes CAFTA trade legislation, July 27, 2005
  • 13.9.
  • Congressional Black Caucus members are arrested in Darfur protest, May 16, 2006
  • 13.10.
  • Rep. Barbara Lee, D-Calif., and Rep. Al Green, D-Texas, speak about attacks on Israel, July 19, 2006
  • 13.11.
  • Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., speaks about the Secure Fence Act, September 21, 2006
  • African American lawmakers and international affairs : America as a world power
  • Documents
  • 13.1.
  • Rep. Josiah T. Walls, R-Fla., speaks on Cuban belligerency, January 24, 1874
  • 13.2.
  • Rep. George H. White, R-N.C., calls for annexation of the Philippines, January 26, 1899
  • 13.3.
  • Rep. George H. White, R-N.C., supports tariffs to protect Southern laborers, March 31, 1897
  • 14.4.
  • NAACP Executive Secretary Walter White's letter to President Herbert Hoover, February 4, 1932
  • 14.5.
  • Rep. Shirley A. Chisholm, D-N.Y., campaigns for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination, 1972
  • 14.6.
  • Rep. Charles B. Rangel, D-N.Y., calls for greater attention to the needs of the poor, May 1973
  • 14.7.
  • Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African Americans Act, introduced in House November 20, 1989
  • 14.8.
  • 14.
  • Rep. Major R.O. Owens, D-N.Y., raps about the war in Iraq on the House floor, July 18, 2003
  • 14.9.
  • Fair Pay Act of 2005, introduced April 19, 2005
  • 14.10.
  • Rep. Barbara Lee, D-Calif., urges relief for Hurricane Katrina victims, March 14, 2006
  • At the heart of the African American experience : the struggle for economic justice
  • Documents
  • 14.1.
  • Rep. Benjamin S. Turner, R-Ala., proposes a refund of the Cotton Tax on the House floor, May 31, 1872
  • 14.2.
  • Rep. George W. Murray, R-S.C., discusses impact of monetary policy, August 24, 1893
  • 14.3.
  • Rep. Shirley A. Chisholm, D-N.Y., addresses the needs of America's young people, 1970
  • 15.4.
  • Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., D-N.Y., explains black political and social activism, 1971
  • 15.5.
  • Rep. Barbara C. Jordan, D-Texas, delivers the keynote speech at the 1976 Democratic National Convention
  • 15.6.
  • Rep. Louis Stokes, D-Ohio, comments on the "peace dividend," February 7, 1990
  • 15.7.
  • Rep. Gary A. Franks, R-Conn., discusses black empowerment, February 24, 1993
  • 15.8.
  • 15.
  • Rep. J.C. Watts Jr., R-Okla., describes his vision of the American dream, August 13, 1996
  • 15.9.
  • Rep. John R. Lewis, D-Ga., discusses the "beloved community," 1998
  • 15.10.
  • Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., discusses the importance of leadership and universal health care, January 25, 2007
  • Visions of America : the dream and the reality
  • Documents
  • 15.1.
  • Rep. Josiah T. Walls, R-Fla., discusses America's Centennial Celebration, May 7, 1874
  • 15.2.
  • Rep. Richard H. Cain, R-S.C., speaks on civil rights legislation, January 10, 1874
  • 15.3.
  • Appendix A : Chronology of major events
  • Appendix B : African American members of the 110th United States Congress
  • Appendix C : African American members of Congress, 1870-2007
  • Selected bibliography
  • Text credits
  • Index
Control code
ocn173640948
Dimensions
27 cm.
Extent
xvii, 574 p.
Isbn
9780872893856
Isbn Type
(hardbound : alk. paper)
Lccn
2007040318
Other physical details
ill.
System control number
(OCoLC)173640948

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